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Hiram, King of Tyre

King Hiram of Tyre Helped King David and King Solomon Build the Temple

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Hiram, King of Tyre: King Hiram of Tyre Helped King David and King Solomon Build the Temple

Hiram, King of Tyre: King Hiram of Tyre Helped King David and King Solomon Build the Temple

Source: Jupiter Images

King Hiram (Ahiram) of Tyre (971-939 BCE) was made famous in the Bible for sending his own stonecutters and carpenters to David (1000-961) to help in the construction of his palace (2 Samuel 5:11). It's possible that Hiram's father, Abibaal, initiated contact with David - after all, his control of Israel and Judah meant that he also controlled Tyre's rear and indeed most of the inland region behind the Phoenician cities right up to Sidon. It would have been wise to have a peaceful, productive relationship with this neighbor.

Tyre was certainly the principle force behind the Phoenician colonization of the coasts around the Mediterranean. Early on the "colonies" were probably little more than temporary settlements created for the purpose of quickly exchanging goods. Eventually, though, more permanent bases were created. Some scholars think that this change, occurring during the 8th and 7th centuries BCE, were instigated in order to protect commercial interests being threatened by the growing presence of Greek traders. Perhaps the most famous Tyrian colony was Carthage, a city which would go on to become an imperial power in its own right and cause Rome no end of trouble.

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