Arguments Against God: Atheological Arguments for Atheism
Scientifically, God Does Not Exist: Science Allows us to Say God Does Not Exist
A popular objection to atheists' arguments and critiques of theism is to insist that one's preferred god cannot be disproven - indeed, that science itself is unable to prove that God does not exist. This position depends upon a mistaken understanding of the nature of science and how science operates. In a very real and important sense, it is...
Evil Conflicts with the Existence of God: God Doesn't Care or God Doesn't Exist
Closely associated with taking action that should be considered immoral is the fact that there is so much evil in the world today. If there are any gods, why don't they act to eliminate it? The absence of substantive action against evil would be consistent with the existence of evil or at least indifferent gods, which is not impossible, but few...
No Reason to Believe in Gods: Without Good Reasons, Belief is Impossible
Perhaps the most basic reason for not believing in any gods is the absence of good reasons for doing so. Since the burden of support lies first and foremost with those making the positive the claim — the theistic, religious believers who say their god exists — non-believers don't need reasons not to believe. They may help, but they aren't particularly necessary. Instead, what is required are reasons to believe.
Life is Material, not Supernatural: We Are Material, Natural Beings
Most religions say that life is much more than the flesh and matter we see around us. In addition, there is supposed to be some sort of spiritual or supernatural realm behind it all and that our "true selves" is spiritual, not material. All evidence, though, points to life being a purely natural phenomenon. All evidence indicates that who we really are — our selves — is material and dependent upon the workings of the brain. If this is so, religious and theistic doctrines are wrong.
Faith is Unreliable & Unreasonable: Faith is Not a Source of Knowledge
A common characteristic of both theism and religion is their reliance on faith: belief in the existence of a god and in the truth of religious doctrines is neither founded upon nor defended by logic, reason, evidence, or science. Instead, people are supposed to have faith — a position they wouldn’t consciously adopt with just about any other issue. Faith, though, is an unreliable guide to reality or means for acquiring knowledge. Faith can be used to defend anything and everything equally.
Gods & Theists Behave Immorally: How Can Moral Gods Behave Immorally?
In most religions, gods are supposed to be the source of all morality. For most believers, their religion represents an institution for promoting an ideal model of morality. In reality, though, religions are responsible for widespread immorality and gods have characteristics or histories which make them worse than the most vile human serial...
Gods Are Too Similar to Believers: Gods Probably Created in the Image of Humans
A few cultures, like ancient Greece, have postulated gods which appear to be as natural as human beings, but in general gods are supernatural. This means that they are fundamentally different from human beings or anything on earth. Despite this, however, theists consistently describe their gods in ways that make the supernatural appear almost...
Religion & Religious Doctrines are Self-Contradictory: How Can They All Be True?
No religion is perfectly consistent when it comes to doctrines, ideas, and history. Every ideology, philosophy, and cultural tradition has inconsistencies and contradictions, so this shouldn't be surprising — but other ideologies and traditions aren't alleged to be divinely created or divinely sanctioned systems for following the wishes of a god. The state of religion in the world today is more consistent with the premise that they are man-made institutions.
Gods' Contradictory Characteristics: Making God Impossible to Exist
Theists often claim that their gods are perfect beings; they describe gods, however, in contradictory and incoherent ways. Numerous characteristics are attributed to their gods, some of which are impossible and some combinations of which are impossible. As described, it's unlikely or impossible for these gods to exist. This doesn't mean that no...
Too Many Gods, Too Many Religions: All Can't Be True, But All Can Be False
It is difficult to credit any one religion as being True or any one god as being True when there have been so many throughout human history. None appears to have any greater claim to being more credible or reliable than any other. Why Christianity and not Judaism? Why Islam and not Hinduism? Why monotheism and not polytheism? Every position has had its defenders, all as ardent as those in other traditions. They can't all be right, but they can all be wrong.
The Universe Does Not Require Gods
The concept of 'god' can mean many different things - or perhaps it can mean anything, given the apparent limitless number of characteristics which various believers assign to their gods. Any time someone asks you why you don't believe in any gods, make sure you ask them what they mean by 'god' in the first place. Chances are, it's simply not something which requires belief.
God & Causation: Temporal Requirements for Causes to Exist
It is common to argue that because everything we experience appears to have a cause for its existence, then the totality of everything (the universe) must also have a cause for its existence. It is assumed that the universe cannot be self-caused, so therefore the cause must be outside the universe - God, in other words. Is this a legitimate argument?
Immorality of the Biblical God: Can God be both Moral and Immoral?
An important objection against the existence of the god of the Bible focuses on this god's character. The god of the Bible isn't simply an ideal abstraction; in Western religious traditions we find many stories about what God has done or commanded believers to do. Often such actions are contrary to basic moral principles; at the same time, God...
Argument from Virtue: Can a Perfect God be Virtuous?
The God traditionally believed in under philosophical theism must be all-virtuous, but certain virtues (like courage) can only be developed in the context of flawed, fallible creatures. Ergo, a perfect God cannot be all-virtuous. If God is perfect, God cannot be virtuous; if God is virtuous, God cannot be perfect. One or the other attribute must...
Omnipotence and Evil: Can Evil Exist with an Omnipotent God?
Is the existence of evil compatible with the existence of an omnipotent god with the ability to desire to eliminate evil? That seems unlikely and many atheological arguments have been based upon just that. A solid argument makes the existence of the traditional God unlikely at best - and belief in it unreasonable.
Perfect Creator: Is It Possible for a Perfect Creator to Exist? (First Argument)
Two qualities often attributed to God are perfection and being the ‘creator‘ of the universe (if not more). Are these qualities compatible or incompatible? There are two good arguments that they are incompatible; and to the degree that they are valid, the existence of such a god is improbable at the very least, if not impossible.
Who Made God? An Atheological Argument from Design
Who Made God? According to some, nothing so complex as the universe could exist without having been designed by a creator. But where does that leave the traditional concept of God? Isn't God more complex than the universe? Doesn't God require a creator?
Arguments for Atheism
What are the principle arguments in favor of atheism? Why is atheism more reasonable or rational than theism? Among the arguments raised are those from evil, from non-belief, from cosmology, from incoherence and more.
Is God Dead?
When Nietzsche wrote that "God is dead," he wasn't talking about the death of a literal god, but instead the death of a shared cultural belief in a god which had long dominated European culture and history. Read why...
Recognizing God - How Would Anyone Recognize God or Know God?
A common argument for the existence of God is one based upon personal, often mystical, experiences. A person claims they have had direct and immediate experiences of God and, therefore, belief in God is not only reasonable but even necessary. It is difficult to argue against personal religious experiences - how easy is it to criticize what a...
Noncognitivism & Metaphysical Gods - Can Metaphysical Gods Even Exist?
Noncognitivism is a position on religious language and religious words like 'God' which says that they have no cognitive content - i.e., that they are meaningless. Noncognitivism says that the word 'God' is a placeholder that isn't holding a place for anything in particular; that because 'God' is supposed to be "metaphysical," it refers to...
For God So Loved the World, that He Was Completely Indifferent to It & Us
Christians like to link their god with love - indeed, they will go so far as to insist that their god is love, making the link as absolute as possible. It's one thing to claim that a god is loving or even that it is love, but quite another to have good reasons for doing so. The question which non-believers must ask, then, is whether the...
Belief in Elves vs. Belief in Gods - Is One More Reasonable or More Rational?
Atheists frequently compare belief in elves or fairies to belief in gods as an argument about why belief in gods is unreasonable. Theists object to this comparison, saying that it belittles belief in gods - but does it really?