Pepin the Short started out as an important official within the Merovingian empire, but in those latter stages the Merovingian rulers were completely ineffective, thus leaving the actual rule and control to people like Pepin. Eventually, in 741, he tired of their lackluster efforts and seized power officially, helping to establish the Carolingian Empire.
Pepin received religious protection for his move because the pope was under pressure from Lombard forces in northern Italy and he needed the protection of the Franks - something only Pepin would be able to provide. It was at this point that the close relationship between papal and Frankish authority began to develop in earnest. Because of the protection which the popes required, Frankish rulers began to think that they had a right to interfere with church issues and even to appoint popes themselves.
Pepin was became famous for giving large tracts of land to the pope based upon the forged document which known as the "Donation of Constantine."
Also Known As: none
Alternate Spellings: none
Common Misspellings: none
What is Christianity?
What are the various Christian groups, denominations, sects and heresies? What are some key concepts in Christian theology? What are some of the most important events in Christian history? All of this and more are covered in the Christianity FAQ.
What is the Philosophy of Religion?
Sometimes confused with theology, the Philosophy of Religion is the philosophical study of religious beliefs, religious doctrines, religious arguments and religious history. The line between theology and the philosophy of religion isn't always sharp, but the primary difference is that theology tends to be apologetical in nature, committed to the defense of particular religious positions, whereas Philosophy of Religion is committed to the investigation of religion itself, rather than the truth of any particular religion.
What is Theism?
What is the difference between monotheism and monolatry? Between pantheism and panentheism? How about between animism and shamanism? Or theism and deism? What the heck is henotheism?
What is Religion?
A system of human beliefs, ideals and practices which is harder to define than it may at first appear. Read more about how dictionaries, scholars and others have tried to define and explain religion.