Born: January 1, 1431 (Spain)
Died: August 18, 1503 (Rome)
Pope: August 11, 1492 - August 18, 1503 (11 years)
Line of Demarcation: 1493
Holy Leage Formed: 1495
Alexander VI's maternal uncle was Callixtus III, who quickly made Rodrigo bishop, cardinal and vice-chancellor of the church. Despite such nepotism, he served five different popes and proved to be a capable administrator. His private life was something else, however, and he had many mistresses. Among his (at least) four children were Lucrezia Borgia and Cesare Borgia, idol of Machiavelli.
There is some speculation that he achieved the office of pope through simony, in other words that he paid for it. However, there appears to be no way to prove such charges. Once he was elected pope, he started out normal enough, but he quickly involved himself with the nepotism which has proven so helpful to him earlier in his career. Even in comparison to other Renaissance popes, his rule was considered especially lavish and immoral.
At the same time, Alexander was a staunch supporter of the arts and culture. He was the patron for Michelangelo's Pieta and had the papal apartments refurbished. It was under his auspices that the "papal line of demarcation" divided responsibility for administration of the New World between Spain and Portugal.
Also Known As: none
Alternate Spellings: none
Common Misspellings: none
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