Joined by Conrad of Montferrat, Guy of Lusignan launches an attack on the Muslim camp defending Acre which nearly succeeds in routing Saladin's forces - but only at the expense of heavy casualties among the Christians. Among those captured and killed is Gerard de Ridefort, Master of the Knights Templar who had previously been capture and then ransomed off after the Battle of Hattin. Conrad himself was nearly captured as well, but he was rescued by his enemy Guy.
After a number of his soldiers are killed in anti-English rioting, Richard I Lionheart leads a small force to capture Messina, Sicily. The Crusaders under Richard and Philip II of France would be staying in Sicily for the winter.
The first complete English translation of the Bible was printed in Zurich, Switzerland by Miles Coverdale.
Saint Robert Bellarmine was born in Montepulciano, Tuscany (Italy). Bellarmine was the chief opponent of Copernicanism in the Vatican.
Teresa of Ávila died.
Pope Gregory XIII implemented the Gregorian Calendar. In Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain October 4 of this year was followed directly by October 15, skipping 10 days.
Utrecht banished poor Jews.
Catherine Booth, wife of William Booth, dies at the age of 61. William Both was the founder of the Salvation Army.
German physicist Max Planck died.
Pope Paul VI addressed the U.N. General Assembly, becoming the first reigning pontiff to visit the Western Hemisphere.
Argued: Larkin v. Grendel's Den
The Court would rule 8-1 that the Massachusetts law which allowed schools and churches to prevent the issuance of alcohol permits to establishments within 500 feet was unconstitutional because it substituted religious Court Decision-making for public legislative authority.
Argued: Lynch v. Donnelly
The Court would rule 5-4 that the city of Pawtucket could continue to display a nativity scene as part of its Christmas display.
Roop Kanwar, an 18-year-old widow who had been married just eight months, mounted the funeral pyre of her 24-year-old husband Maal Singh in the village of Deorlala and, taking Maal's head in her lap according to tradition, she was burned alive in an act of sati. The site has become a shrine where thousands of dollars are collected in donations every year.
Decided: Peloza v. Capistrano
The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals decided that a teacher does not have a right to teach creationism in a biology class, that "evolutionism" is not a religion or world view, and that the government can restrict the speech of employees while they are on the job.
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