The Holy Lance is "discovered" by Peter Bartholomew subsequent to a vision from Jesus Christ and St. Andrew that it is located in Antioch, recently captured by the Crusaders. This dramatically improves the spirits of the Crusaders now besieged in Antioch by Emir Kerboga, Attabeg of Mosul.
The Auspicious Incident: Janissaries revolt in Istanbul, but the populace and other government forces are against them. The Janissaries suffer massive casualties; those who survive face execution or banishment.
Max Weber dies.
The words "the flag of the United States of America" are substituted for "my Flag" in the The Pledge of Allegiance.
Decided: West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette
The Supreme Court ruled 8-1 that a school district violated the rights of students by forcing them to salute the American flag.
President Eisenhower signed a congressional resolution which added the words "under God" to the The Pledge of Allegiance. The last phrase now reads: '...one nation, under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.'
In an editorial that appeared in the bi-weekly journal "Christianity & Crisis," a statement signed by 16 prominent Protestant clergymen argued that American policies in Vietnam threatened "our chance to cooperate with the Soviet Union for peace in Asia."
Members of the Islamic Jihad terrorist group hijacked TWA Flight 847 after it left Athens. They divert the flight to Beirut where they murder U.S. Marine Robert Dean Stethem and hold the other hostages until the end of June.
In Dallas, a meeting of the American bishops adopt a Charter Protection of Children and Young People and a set of Essential Norms for Diocesan/Eparchial Policies Dealing with Allegations of Sexual Abuse of Minors by Priests or Deacons. According to the new standards, any priest who sexual abuses a minor must be removed from office - no second chances.
In the case of Newdow v. U.S. Congress, the United States Supreme Court overturns a Ninth Circuit Court decision that struck the addition of "under God" to the Pledge of Allegiance. The 8-0 ruling is reached on a technicality that Michael Newdow doesn't have standing to bring the case in the first place.
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