Christianity vs. Islam: Timeline of the Crusades
350 CE - 1800 CE
The Crusades were religious, military, political, and commercial expeditions against both rival religions and rival Christian groups. They helped European society define itself and they laid the groundwork for end of feudalism. The relationship between Christianity and Islam was permanently altered and the Crusades continue through this day to influence how Islam sees the West.
There are several different types of color-coded dates in this timeline of the history of the Crusades, explained in a color key below.
- Before the Crusades: 350 - 1095
- First Crusade: 1095 - 1100
- Map of the First Crusade
- First Crusade, Aftermath: 1100 - 1143
- Second Crusade: 1144 - 1150
- Second Crusade, Aftermath: 1150 - 1186
- Third Crusade & Aftermath: 1187 - 1197
- Fourth Crusade: 1198 - 1207
- Cathar & Baltic Crusades: 1208 - 1300
- Fifth Crusade: 1215 - 1221
- Sixth Crusade: 1222 - 1244
- Seventh, Eighth, and Ninth Crusades: 1245 - 1300
- Ottoman Empire on the Offensive: 1300 - 1600
- Ottoman Empire on the Defensive: 1600 - 1800
Color Key: This chart explains which sorts of topics are given which colors in the chronologies.
|Blue||Christian victories, advances, and actions.|
|Yellow||Other events: births, deaths, marriages, peace treaties, etc.|
|Green||Muslim victories, advances, and actions.|
|Orange||Other conflicts: Christians fighting Christians, Christians fighting heretics, Muslims fighting Mongols, Christians fighting Jews, etc.|
|Grey||Miscellaneous events to provide historical context and comparison|
Return to the top.
Back to the Christian History Timeline Index-->