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Austin Cline

Updated Articles and Resources

By Austin Cline

    Updated Articles and Resources
    • Ethics of Abortion: Is it Moral or Immoral to Have an Abortion? Created: Sunday, January 01, 2006 Updated: Thursday, April 17, 2014
      The legality of abortion is debated more than the morality of abortion, so fundamental ethical questions aren't given the attention they deserve. Some believe that the law shouldn't legislate moral...
    • Why Not Believe? Reasons Why Atheists Don't Believe in Gods Created: Sunday, November 06, 2005 Updated: Thursday, April 17, 2014
      Atheists are often asked 'why don't you believe in God?' Well, there are many reasons why atheists might not believe in any gods. In fact, most atheists can probably cite multiple reasons and every...
    • Common Arguments Against Gay Marriage: Moral and Religious Arguments Created: Monday, June 19, 2006 Updated: Thursday, April 17, 2014
      The debate over the legalization of gay marriage in America is about not just the status of gay couples; it's also about American civil law. Either civil law is defined by the needs and rights of c...
    • Atheism vs. Agnosticism Created: Saturday, January 29, 2005 Updated: Thursday, April 17, 2014
      Many who call themselves agnostic think that agnosticism is a more 'reasonable' than atheism and thus reject the label of atheist. Their believe that atheism is more 'dogmatic,' and indistinguishab...
    • Atheism & Hell Created: Sunday, January 30, 2005 Updated: Thursday, April 17, 2014
      Why don't you just be an atheist? If there is a god, and it is moral and loving and worthy of respect, then it won't mind if people have rational doubts about it and rational reasons for not believ...
    • Meaning: Denotation and Connotation Created: Tuesday, February 22, 2005 Updated: Thursday, April 17, 2014
      Understanding the difference between denotation and connotation is important to understanding definitions and how concepts are used. Unfortunately, that is complicated by the fact that these terms ...
    • Atheism and Spirituality: Are there any Spiritual Atheists? Created: Thursday, November 23, 2006 Updated: Thursday, April 17, 2014
      The problem with answering such a question is that the term" itemprop="description">
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    • Arguments Against Gay Marriage: Marriage is a Sacred Religious Sacrament Created: Monday, June 19, 2006 Updated: Thursday, April 17, 2014
      Although rarely offered as an explicit argument against gay marriage, the idea that marriage is a sacred religious sacrament is one of the most important arguments for opponents and underlies much ...
    • Pascal's Wager Created: Saturday, July 10, 2004 Updated: Thursday, April 17, 2014
      Someone who offers Pascal's Wager is arguing that to believe in God is a better bet than not believing in God. If you believe and God exists, you’ll go to heaven and avoid hell; if you believ...
    • Do Atheists Have No Reason to be Moral? Are There No Atheistic Moral Standards? Created: Wednesday, December 06, 2006 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      For most religious theists, their religion and their god provide the basis for their entire understanding of morality and moral values. They thus find it inconceivable that atheists who don’t...
    • Jesus Punishes the Swine with Demons (Mark 5:10-20) Created: Thursday, June 23, 2005 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      Because this event occurs in 'country of the Gadarenes,' which means near the city of Gadara, we are probably dealing with a herd of domestic swine owned by Gentiles because Gadara was a part of th...
    • Humanism in Ancient Greece Created: Thursday, November 11, 2004 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      Although the term 'humanism' was not applied to a philosophy or belief system until the European Renaissance, those early humanists were inspired the ideas and attitudes which they discovered in fo...
    • Jesus Heals on the Sabbath, Pharisees Complain (Mark 3:1-6) Created: Tuesday, April 05, 2005 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      Jesus' violations of Sabbath laws continue in this story of how he healed a man's hand in a synagogue. Why was Jesus in this synagogue on this day - to preach, to heal, or just as an average person...
    • What is the Scientific Method? Created: Wednesday, June 03, 2009 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      Science is defined by the scientific method - the method scientists use to make discoveries and produce knowledge. The scientific method separates science from faith, religion, pseudoscience, etc. ...
    • Correspondence Theory of Truth Created: Saturday, April 23, 2005 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      The Correspondence Theory of Truth is probably the most common and widespread way of understanding the nature of truth and falsehood - not simply among philosophers, but even more importantly in th...
    • Jesus Calls the Twelve Apostles (Mark 3:13-19) Created: Tuesday, April 05, 2005 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      Mark 3:13-19: At this point Jesus officially gathers together his apostles, at least according to the biblical texts. Stories indicate that many people followed Jesus around, but these are the only...
    • Peter's Confession About Jesus as the Christ (Mark 8:27-30) Created: Tuesday, June 28, 2005 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      In the previous verses Jesus is depicted as helping a blind man to see again - not all at once, but gradually so that the man first perceives other people in a distorted manner ('as trees') and the...
    • Synoptic Gospel Problem Created: Sunday, April 03, 2005 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      The first three gospels - Mark, Matthew, and Luke - are very similar. So similar, in fact, that their parallels cannot be explained by mere coincidence." itemprop="descript't3'" --> itemprop="descr...
    • Jesus on Paying Taxes to Caesar (Mark 12:13-17) Created: Tuesday, August 02, 2005 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      In the previous chapter Jesus bested his opponents by forcing them to pick one of two unacceptable options; here they attempt to return the favor." itemprop="description" itemprop="description...
    • Evidence of Creationism - Is There Evidence for Creationism? Created: Tuesday, August 25, 2009 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      Creationism is not supported by any direct or inferential evidence. A legitimate scientific theory must make specific, testable predictions." itemprop="description" Thursday, May 05, 2005 Updated: Tuesday, April 15, 2014
      Religion is difficult to define. Everyone has a different idea of what it is. Most people simply look in the dictionary or use something else equally simplistic. That might be fine for everyday con...
    • Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio: Profile of a Candidate for Pope Created: Sunday, April 03, 2005 Updated: Tuesday, April 15, 2014
      Jorge Mario Bergoglio is a strong supporter of helping the poor. Bergoglio has not, however, spent a great deal of time preaching about social justice. He instead preached about the importance of s...
    • Atheist vs. Agnostic - What's the Difference Between an Atheist and an Agnostic? Created: Saturday, October 01, 2011 Updated: Tuesday, April 15, 2014
      The difference between being an atheist and being an agnostic should be pretty clear: atheism is about belief. Agnosticism is about knowledge. Atheists don't believe in any gods. Agnostics doesn't ...
    • Deontology and Ethics: What is Deontology, Deontological Ethics? Created: Tuesday, December 26, 2006 Updated: Tuesday, April 15, 2014
      Deontological moral systems are focused on adhering to moral duties. When we follow our duty, we are behaving morally. When we fail to follow our duty, we are behaving immorally. Duties, rules, and...
    • Southern Baptists Created: Thursday, July 08, 2004 Updated: Tuesday, April 15, 2014
      The Southern Baptists Convention may be very vocal and public, but they do not represent the only face of Baptism in America - indeed, the history of Baptism is much more liberal and tolerant than ...
    • Abington School District v. Schempp & Murray v. Curlett (1963) Created: Thursday, October 29, 2009 Updated: Tuesday, April 15, 2014
      Both Abington School District v. Schempp and Murray v. Curlett dealt with state-approved reading of Bible passages before classes in public schools." itemprop="description"" --> itemprop="descripti...
    • Religion is: Belief in Supernatural Beings - How Religions Involve Theism Created: Tuesday, July 25, 2006 Updated: Tuesday, April 15, 2014
      Belief in the supernatural, especially gods, is one of the most obvious characteristics of religion. Some people mistake mere theism for religion itself.
    • Profile & Biography of Thomas the Apostle, Disciple of Jesus Created: Tuesday, April 26, 2005 Updated: Tuesday, April 15, 2014
      Thomas was one of Jesus' twelve apostles and is included in each of the four apostolic lists. Thomas is also called Didymus (the twin).
    • Popes of the 20th Century Created: Tuesday, February 08, 2005 Updated: Tuesday, April 15, 2014
      A list of all of the popes who reigned during the 20th century with short biographies of each pope and what impact they had on the Roman Catholic Church." itemprop="descrip='t3'" --> itemprop="desc...
    • Fetus, Humanity, Personhood: When Does a Fetus Become a Human Person with Rights Created: Sunday, January 01, 2006 Updated: Tuesday, April 15, 2014
      Abortion is the focus of some of the most intense social, cultural, political, religious, and ethical debates in modern American society.
    • Evolution: Fact Or Theory? Created: Saturday, June 18, 2005 Updated: Tuesday, April 15, 2014
      There is some confusion about evolution as a fact and evolution as a theory. Often you can find critics claiming that evolution is just a theory." itemprop="description" itemprop="description"...
    • Was Pope Benedict XVI (Joseph Ratzinger) A Nazi? Why Join the Hitler Youth? Created: Friday, April 22, 2005 Updated: Thursday, April 10, 2014
      The question of Joseph Ratzinger’s involvement with Nazi Germany and the Hitler Youth is important. Neither Ratzinger nor any member of his immediate family joined the NSDAP (Nazi Party). Ratz...

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