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Pledge of Allegiance: Under God?

The Pledge of Allegiance has been recited by tens of millions of school children over the years and is familiar to most Americans - but was the 1950s addition of the phrase "under God" an unconstitutional violation of the separation of church and state?
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Pledge of Allegiance Resources: Information, History, Argumen…
The Pledge of Allegiance has been recited by tens of millions of school children over the years and is familiar to most Americans but was the 1950s addition of the phrase "under God" an unconstitutional violation of the separation of church and state? Atheists and some theists argue that it is and, moreover, that it's fundamentally immoral...

Defending "Under God" - Defending & Justifying "under God" in…
Support for keeping "under God" in the Pledge of Allegiance is popular in America. Even some atheists, as well as normally staunch defenders of secularism and church/state separation, question whether it's necessary or appropriate to remove "under God" from the Pledge. A variety of arguments and claims are offered by apologists for the current...

What's Wrong with Pledging Allegiance, Under God?
What's wrong with having "under God" in the Pledge of Allegiance? Most Americans today probably grew up pledging their allegiance while declaring that America, in addition to being indivisible and promoting "liberty and justice for all," is also "under God." During the same time, distrust of and hostility towards atheists has remained the...

Pledge of Allegiance & God
Many claim that because the Pledge of Allegiance contains the words "under God," that America is therefore a Christian Nation. Is that true? Why does that phrase appear in the Pledge in the first place?

Politicization of the Pledge of Allegiance
Over time, the Pledge of Allegiance has grown to become not just something for children to recite, but rather a political issue for politicians to use in an effort to prove who is the most authentically patriotic. This politicizing of both patriotism and piety has led to quite a bit of violence against those who have dared to remain silent, whether for political or religious reasons.

Divisiveness of the Pledge of Allegiance
One may wonder, is the phrase 'under God' in the Pledge of Allegiance genuinely divisive? The answer is clearly 'Yes.' Even before the current wording, many like the Jehovah's Witnesses experienced vicious attacks for their refusal to recite in school. With the addition 'under God,' another layer of exclusion and division is added.

Newdow vs. U.S. Congress
Summary and explanation of the legal case involving Michael Newdow and challenging the constitutionality of the phrase "under God" as it appears in the Pledge of Allegiance.

Jehovah's Witnesses & the Pledge of Allegiance: History
Why have Jehovah's Witnesses refused to have their children to say the Pledge of Allegiance at public schools? How were the children treated, and what happened in the various court cases?

Jehovah's Witnesses & the Pledge of Allegiance: Aftermath
Although the Jehovah's Witnesses won a legal victory with regards to their children saying the Pledge of Allegiance in schools, the public hated them for it and they suffered greatly.

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