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Muslim Holy Sites, Texts: Islam's Holiest Cities, Places, Scriptures

There are several cities and sites which are sacred to Muslims - what are they, and why are they holy? Read about Mecca, Medina, the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, Hebron, Mashhad, and Qom. The primary holy texts in Islam are the Quran, believed to have been dictated to Muhammad by God, and the Hadith, a record of the traditions of Muhammad's companions.

Kaaba in Mecca, Saudi Arabia: What is the Kaaba? Why is the Kaaba Important...
The Kaaba (Ka'aba, Ka'bah, 'Cube,' House of God) is a shrine located in a square adjacent to the Grand Mosque in Mecca, Islam's holiest city. The Kaaba itself is Islam's holiest site. The surrounding square has been enlarged to over 16,000 square meters and can accommodate over 300,000 Muslim pilgrims. When Muslims pray the required five times...

Kaaba in Mecca: Image Gallery with Photos, Drawings, Illustrations, and Diagrams
The Kaaba (Ka'aba, Ka'bah, 'Cube,' 'House of God') is a shrine located in a square adjacent to the Grand Mosque in Mecca, Islam's holiest city. The Kaaba itself is Islam's holiest site. The surrounding square has been enlarged to over 16,000 square meters and can accommodate over 300,000 Muslim pilgrims. When Muslims pray the required five times...

Images of Jerusalem: Dome of the Rock
The Dome of the Rock is a Muslim shrine which stands on raised bedrock which is traditionally believed to be the place where the first Jewish temple was built. It was also here that people believe Abraham tried to sacrifice his son to God and where Muhammad is believed to have ascended into heaven in order to receive God's commandments.

Muslim Holy Sites
There are several cities and sites which are sacred to Muslims - what are they, and why are they holy? Read about Mecca, Medina, the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, Hebron, Mashhad, and Qom.

What is the Hadith?
Hadith literally means "tradition," and it constitutes for most Muslims the second set of religious scriptures - almost, but not quite as important as the Qur'an. Collected into authoritative books, these represent reports about the sayings and actions of the Prophet Muhammad and his immediate followers while he was alive.

What is the Qur'an?
The Qur'an is the collection of holy scriptures of Islam. It is divided into 114 Suras (chapters) of unequal length. The earliest Meccan suras are shorter, and they grow longer as time goes on. The earliest are also more similar to the Jewish style of admonishing people to reform and warning them of coming judgment.

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