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Religion Image Galleries: Photos, Woodcuts, and Drawings of Religion

These collections of photos, woodcuts, and drawings depict various gods, goddesses, temples, churches, cities, events, and other things relevant to the history and study of religion.

Apostles of Jesus: Images of Jesus' 12 Apostles, Paul, and Constantine
Apostle is an English transliteration of the Greek apostolos, which means 'one who is sent out.' In ancient Greek, an apostle might be any person 'sent out' to deliver news - messengers and envoys, for example - and perhaps carry out other instructions. Via the New Testament, apostle has acquired a more specific usage and now refers to one of...

Sounion Temple of Poseidon (Neptune), Greece
Cape Sounion (Sounio, Sunium) in Greece is a promontory which was used to spot approaching ships before they reached Athens. Located 65 km south-east of Athens, it is also the site of two famous temples: the Temple of Poseidon and the Temple of Athena. Constructed in the 5th century BCE, the Temple of Poseidon is the best preserved of the two.

Persecuting Witches & Witchcraft
Witches have long been feared and hated in Christian circles. Even today, pagans and Wiccans remain a target of Christian persecution -- especially in America. It seems that they long ago took on an identity which reached far beyond their own existence and became a symbol for Christians -- but a symbol of what? Maybe an examination of the events...

Punishing the Seven Deadly Sins
Gregory the Great created what is considered today to be the definitive list of seven: pride, envy, anger, dejection, avarice, gluttony and lust. Over the course of Christian history, each of the seven deadly sins acquired its own special punishment: those guilty of the sin of pride for example are broken on the wheel. Medieval artists created...

Constantine the Great, Emperor of Rome: Image Gallery
Photographs, Illustrations, and Pictures from the Life of Roman Emperor Constantine the Great: Constantine's chief goal was always creating and maintaining unity, be it political, economic or, eventually, religious. For Constantine, one of the greatest threats to Roman domination and peace was disunity.

Christian Right Propaganda Posters
As outrageous as the Christian Right's overall agenda is, their specific arguments and beliefs can be worse. I have written many articles exploring the arguments and beliefs advocated the Christian Right in order to reveal just how awful, and awfully absurd, they can be. Mere words, though, cannot always convey the true absurdity of a position....

Lebanon & Ancient Phoenicia
Lebanon is often in the news today in the context of political and religious conflicts throughout the region. Not everyone is aware, however, of the fact that this same area has played an important role in the region's religious and cultural history - or of how often this strip of land has been involved in the region's religious and political...

Roman Heliopolis & Temple Site at Baalbek in Lebanon's Beqaa Valley
Located in Lebanon's Beqaa valley, 86 km northeast of Beirut and 60 km from the Mediterranean coast, Baalbek is one of the best least-known Roman sites in the world. Based around temples to the developing Roman trinity of Jupiter, Baachus, and Venus, this complex was constructed upon an older sacred site dedicated to a triad of Canaanite...

Tyre, Lebanon: Photos & Images
Located in Lebanon north of Acre but south of Sidon and Beirut, Tyre was one of the most important of the ancient Phoenician cities. Today Tyre contains excavations of ruins dating to Crusader, Byzantine, Arab, Greco-Roman, and earlier eras. Tyre is also referenced quite a few times in the Bible, sometimes as an ally of the Israelites and...

Sidon, Lebanon: Photos & Images; Religion, History, Culture of Sidon
Sidon is the third-largest city in Lebanon. Located 48 km south of Beirut, Sidon was one of the most famous cities of the ancient world but today it is one of the least well known - its archaeological relics have either been stolen and scattered or covered over by modern construction. There is evidence of human settlement at least as early as...

Kaaba in Mecca: Image Gallery with Photos, Drawings, Illustrations
The Kaaba (Ka’aba, Ka’bah, “Cube,” “House of God”) is a shrine located in a square adjacent to the Grand Mosque in Mecca, Islam’s holiest city. The Kaaba itself is Islam’s holiest site. The surrounding square has been enlarged to over 16,000 square meters and can accommodate over 300,000 Muslim pilgrims.

Women in Islam: Image Gallery of Muslim Women in Burqas, Chadors
One of the points on which Islam is criticism by both Muslims and non-Muslims is the treatment of women. Under Islam, women often must remain covered, are denied contact with non-related men, can be denied the ability to get jobs and education to the same extent as men, are treated as having less political or social worth than men, and are discriminated against in a variety of ways.

Muhammad Drawings, Pictures, Cartoons: Images of the Prophet Muhammad
Muslims have rioted over Danish cartoons depicting Muhammad. Why? One claim has been that Islam forbids visual depictions of Muhammad, which is strange given how often images of Muhammad appear in Muslim history. Here you will find numerous images of Muhammad, some Muslim and some European, accompanied by verses of war and violence in the Quran.

Leonardo Da Vinci Image Gallery
Born in the village of Vinci in Tuscany, Italy, on April 15, 1452, Leonardo was one of the most important artistic figures of the Renaissance. He was involved with painting, architecture, sculpture, engineering, anatomy, and more. An illegitimate child, his artistic talents were recognized early on and he was sent to study under a master...

Glastonbury Abbey, Glastonbury Tor: Image Gallery
Some believe that Glastonbury Abbey is the site of the oldest above-ground Christian church in the world, dating back as far as 63 or even 37 CE. The first recorded church to be built here was in 712 on the orders of King Ine of Wessex, but a community of monks had already been living here for some time — at least since 658, when the Saxons...

Joseph of Arimathea: Image Gallery of Joseph of Arimathea
The role and behavior of Joseph of Arimathea is one of the few things discussed in all four gospels. According to the gospels, Joseph of Arimathea was a rich man, a member of the Sanhedrin who disagreed with Jesus' conviction. John and Matthew even say that he was a disciple of Jesus. Joseph took the body of Jesus, wrapped it in linen, and...

Knights Templar: Image Gallery of the Templar Knights
As with most religious orders, there were special requirements before joining as well as an initiation ceremony; little is known about the various internal ceremonies of order, which has given rise to all sorts of fantastic theories. Prospective members all had to be of noble birth, legitimate sons, and willing to take the Templar vows of...

Mary Magdalene: Image Gallery of Mary Magdalene, Disciple of Jesus
Mary Magdalene is not mentioned often in the gospels, but she does appear at key moments and has become an important figure for those interested in the role of women in early Christianity as well as in Jesus' ministry. She accompanied Jesus throughout his travels and was a witness to his death - which, according to Mark, was a requirement to...

Holy Grail: Image of the Holy Grail in Christian Mythology, Literature
The primary role of the Holy Grail in Christian mythology is the cup used by Jesus to inaugurate the communion celebration during the Last Supper. Other stories say that the Holy Grail was a cup used by Joseph of Arimathea to catch Jesus' blood when he was pierced by a spear during the crucifixion. Often, it's the same cup in both situations.

Greek Mythology & Religion Photo Gallery
Visual Index of Resources on Greek Mythology, Religion, and Iconography: Ancient Greek religion is characterized in large part by conflict and community. Greek mythology is defined to a great extent by conflicting forces while Greek religion itself is defined by attempts to reinforce a common sense of purpose, civic cohesion, and community.

Crusades Image Gallery
Several hundred photos, illustrations, drawings, woodcuts, and maps are arranged and categorized by topic: battles, people, cities, knights, and more. There are extensive sections on Jerusalem, Constantinople, Richard the Lionheart, and others.

Images of Jerusalem
Jerusalem (Hebrew: Yerushalayim, Arabic: al-Quds) is a key religious city for Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Commonly referred to as Zion or the City of David (the Jewish leader recorded as having claimed it for the Jews), there is no consensus on the origin of the name. Many believe that it derives from the name of the city Jebus (founder of the Jebusites) and Salem (a Canaanite god).

Images of Constantinople (Istanbul)
Constantinople was the capital of the Byzantine Empire and claimed to be the capital of the restored Roman Empire. The ancient name of Constantinople was Byzantium (Greek: Byzantion), whence the Byzantine Empire's name was derived. The name was changed by Roman emperor Constantine I who moved the capital of the Roman empire here on May 11, 330 CE.

Noah's Ark, the Flood, and the Curse of Canaan, Ham's Son
And all flesh died that moved upon the earth, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of beast, and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth, and every man: All in whose nostrils was the breath of life, of all that was in the dry land, died. And every living substance was destroyed which was upon the face of the ground ... and they were...

Victory Arch of Constantine in Rome
The Arch of Constantine was dedicated in 315 by the senate and people of Rome along the triumphal route after Constantine's defeat of Maxentius at the Milvian Bridge in 312. It was also designed to commemorate Constantine's tenth anniversary of rule. The current state of conservation of the arch is particularly good and provides people with an excellent way to experience what Roman monumental architecture is like.

Basilica of Constantine in Rome
The so-called 'Basilica of Constantine' is a good example of Roman massive construction. The main chamber reached 48 meters in height, both the main chamber and the two side chambers were 25 meters wide, and the entire structure took up 6,000 square meters. It is located between the Via Sacra and the Velia Hill, into which the Basilica is partially built.

Baptistery of Constantine
The Baptistery of Constantine is located adjacent to the Basilica of St. John Lateran. This church is second only in importance to St. Peter's in Rome. The pope is also the bishop of Rome and his 'home church' is here, not St. Peter's. Until the papal court was moved to Avignon in France, this was the main cathedral of Rome and the official...

Pantheon in Rome: Illustrations, Diagrams, Photographs of the Pantheon in Rome
The original Pantheon of Rome was built between 27 & 25 BCE, under Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa. It was dedicated to 12 gods of heaven and focused on Augustus' cult. Romans believed that Romulus ascended to heaven from this spot. Agrippa's structure was destroyed in 80 and what we see is a reconstruction from 118 under emperor Hadrian. Today a Christian church, the Pantheon is the best preserved of all ancient Roman buildings. The focus of the Pantheon in Rome is above: the great eye, or oculus.

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