What is the Fertile Crescent?:
The label Fertile Crescent was coined by J.H. Breasted to describe the crescent-shaped region of land in the Middle East where the land's fertility was high enough to allow for the development of some of humanitys earliest sedentary civilizations.
Where is the Fertile Crescent?:
The Fertile Crescent begins in what is now southern Iraq where the Tigris and Euphrates rivers empty into the Persian Gulf. It extends north along with the rivers, turns westward in what was ancient Assyria, and then turns back south in what is modern Syria. The Fertile Crescent then extends down into southern Palestine; sometimes the Nile River region is included in the Fertile Crescent despite the fact that it and southern Palestine are separated by the distinctly un-fertile Sinai peninsula.
Why is the Fertile Crescent important?:
The Fertile Crescent is the location of some of the oldest civilizations in the history of the human species, includian the Assyrian, the Babylonians, the Sumerians, the Hittites, and the Egyptians. Ancient cities in this region include Ur, Nuzi, Babylon, Nineveh, Mari, Jericho, and Alalakh. The name Fertile Crescent is of course never mentioned in the Bible, but all of the events in the Bible take place here.