1. Religion & Spirituality

Nepal

Chronology of Important Events

Period
     Description


ca. 563 B.C.
     The Buddha born in Lumbini, in Tarai Region of Nepal


268-31 B.C.
     Ashoka establishes empire in north India


ca. A.D. 353-73
     Samudragupta establishes empire in north India


400-750
     Licchavi kingdom in power in Kathmandu Valley


750-1200
     "Transitional" kingdom in power in Kathmandu Valley


1100-1484
     Khasa Malla kings rule in western Nepal


1200-16
     Arimalla, first monarch of the Malla Dynasty, rules in
     Kathmandu Valley


1312
     Khasa king Ripumalla leads raid in Kathmandu Valley


1345-46
     Sultan Shams ud-din Ilyas of Bengal leads raid in Kathmandu
     Valley


1382-95
     Jayasthitimalla rules as king of united Malla kingdom in
     Kathmandu Valley


1428-82
     Yakshamalla reigns - height of united Malla kingdom


1484
     Malla kingdom divided; three kingdoms of Kathmandu, Bhadgaon,
     and Patan expand


1526
     Mughal Empire established in north India


1559
     Gorkha kingdom established


1606-33
     Ram Shah of Gorkha reigns; Gorkha kingdom experiences first
     expansion. 1728 Chinese influence established in Tibet


1743
     Prithvi Narayan Shah ascends to throne of Gorkha


1764
     British East India Company gains control of Bengal


1768-90
     Gorkha conquers Kathmandu and Patan, Bhadgaon, eastern Nepal,
     and western Nepal


1775
     Prithvi Narayan Shah dies, first king of united Nepal


1791-92
     Nepal defeated in war with China


1806
     Bhimsen Thapa becomes prime minister


1809
     Nepalese troops lay seige to Kangra, farthest extent of Gorkha
     empire


1814-16
     Anglo-Nepalese War waged; Nepal defeated


1837
     Bhimsen Thapa falls, beginning unstable period in court
     politics


1846
     Kot Massacre takes place; Jang Bahadur becomes prime minister


1855-56
     War waged with China


1856
     Royal decree gives absolute power to prime minister and his
     family


1857-58
     Sepoy Rebellion waged against British in north India; Nepal
     aids British


1858
     Jang Bahadur receives title of Rana


1877
     Jang Bahadur Rana dies


1885
     Ranoddip Singh Rana assassinated; Bir Shamser Rana becomes
     prime minister


1901
     Dev Shamsher Rana forced to abdicate; Chandra Shamsher Rana
     becomes prime minister


1914-18
     Thousands of Nepalese citizens fight as soldiers for British
     in World War I


1923
     Treaty of Friendship with Britain confirms independence of
     Nepal and special relationship with British Empire


1935
     Praja Parishad established, first political party in Nepal


1939-45
     Tens of thousands of Nepalese citizens fight as soldiers for
     British in World War II


1947
     Nepali National Congress established through merger of former
     All-India Nepali National Congress with Nepalese Society of
     Banaras and Gorkha Congress of Calcutta


1948
     Prime Minister Padma Shamsher Rana announces first
     constitution of Nepal, then resigns; his replacement, Mohan
     Shamsher Rana, represses opposition


1950
     Nepali National Congress absorbs Nepal Democratic Congress and
     becomes Nepali Congress Party; civil war breaks out


1950-51
     Ranas fall; King Tribhuvan regains control over army and
     administration; interim constitution enacted


1952
     King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev ascends throne


1955
     Nepal admitted to United Nations


1956
     First Five-Year Plan of economic development initiated


1959
     King Mahendra enacts new constitution; first general elections
     in Nepal bring to power Nepali Congress Party with B.P.
     Koirala as prime minister


1960
     King Mahendra dismisses the democratic government and
     imprisons B.P. Koirala and other leaders


1962
     War waged between India and China; new constitution sets up
     panchayat system


1963
     First elections held to National Panchayat


1972
     King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev ascends throne


1980
     National Referendum supports panchayat system


1982
     B.P. Koirala, Nepali Congress Party leader, dies


1986
     Second elections held to National Panchayat


1989
     Failure to renegotiate trade and transit treaties with India
     disrupts economy


1990
     New constitution promulgated as result of agitations and
     successes of Movement for the Restoration of Democracy


1991
     Elections held to Parliament; first session of first
     multiparty Parliament held in thirty-two years

Data as of September 1991

2003 Report on Religious Liberty in Nepal

Nepal: Index

Religion Around the World: Main Page

Source: Library of Congress Country Studies



Get weekly updates about what's new on the site and news from around the world:

You can opt-out at any time. Please refer to our privacy policy for contact information.

Discuss in my forum

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.