Name: Tübingen School
Name: F.C. Baur
Born: June 21, 1792
Died: December 2, 1860
Professor of Ecclesiastical and Doctrinal History: 1826-1869
The Tübingen School was a theological school which was active in the mid-19th century in Germany. Baur and the scholars who followed him applied Hegelian philosophy to Christian history in order to develop a new understanding about how Christianity developed. According to them, the key to early Christianity was the conflict between Peter, who led a Jewish party and Paul, who led a gentile party. Peter was the thesis while Paul was the antithesis.
The synthesis, or resolution to the conflict, happened with the development of early Catholic Christianity in the 2nd century. Unfortunately, Baur's influence and ideas did not survive very long after him and the Tübingen School declined very quickly during the late 19th century. What did survive, however, was the idea of explaining the development of early Christianity without references to divine influences or divine mandates. Baur's was a completely naturalistic explanation of Christian development, something which was not tried much before but which has become the standard since.
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