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Definition:
The doctrine of trinitarianism is the orthodox Christian belief that whereas God may be singular in power or essence, God also exists as three persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus) and God the Holy Spirit.

It is interesting to note that the term trinity appears absolutely nowhere in the New Testamant. The scriptural origins for trinitarian thinking can be found in the verses such as:

Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost... (Matthew 28:19)

Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied. (1 Peter 1:2)

Obviously these passages do not describe a three-in-one god, nor do they necessarily require belief in one. They do, however, set the stage for the development of Christian trinitarianism later on. It was not, in fact, until the 4th century that theologians began to officially describe God as three persons (hypostases) with one being (ousia).

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