Consisting of 15 books of varying lengths, the Prophets (Nevi'im in Hebrew) appear through the history of the kingdoms of Judah and Israel to condemn corruption, sin, unethical behavior, etc. They were sometimes poetic, but they were always harsh and, because of that, at times very unpopular with political and religious authorities.
In the Hebrew scriptures there are three major and tweleve major prophetic works, all of which follow the "historical" works which progress from Joshua through Kings. The three "major" prophets are Isaiah, Jeremiah and Ezekiel. The label is not used because they are better or more important, but simply because they are longer. The chronological order of the prophetic books is as follows:
|Amos||c. 760-750 BCE||Israel, under Jeoboam II|
|Hosea||c. 745 BCE||Israel, under Jeoboam II|
|Isaiah||742-701 BCE||Judah, under Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah|
|Micah||c. 750 BCE||Judahh under Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah|
|Nahum||625-610 BCE||Judah, under Josiah|
|Zephaniah||c. 621 BCE||Judah, under Josiah|
|Habakkuk||615-598 BCE||Judah, maybe|
|Jeremiah||627-587 BCE||Judah, until it fell|
|Ezekiel||597-563 BCE||Babylonian Exile|
|Haggai||520 BCE||Jersuslam after the Exile|
|Zechariah||520-518 BCE||Jersuslam after the Exile|
|Malachi||460-450 BCE||Jersuslam after the rebuilding of the Temple|
|Jonah||Jonah lived around 750 BCE, but the book was written around 350 BCE|
Also Known As: none
Alternate Spellings: none
Common Misspellings: none
What is Christianity?
What are the various Christian groups, denominations, sects and heresies? What are some key concepts in Christian theology? What are some of the most important events in Christian history? All of this and more are covered in the Christianity FAQ.
Exploration of important terms, concepts and people relevant to the study of Judaism and Jewish history.
The "Bible" is a central feature in the religious beliefs and devotions of most Christians - and a major portion of it, known as the "Old Testament," is important to Jews. Muslims, whose holy scriptures are collected in the Qur'an, also revere the Bible. But just what is the Bible? What is contained in it, where did it come from, and how reliable is it? This developing FAQ will present historical and critical information about the Bible and biblical scholarship.