Born: September 26, 1897 (Italy)
Died: August 6, 1978
Pope: June 21, 1963 - August 6, 1978 (15 years)
Humanae Vitae: 1968
Paul VI was responsible for continuing with the Second Vatican Council and thereafter implementing its decrees. Ironically, he would never have called that Council himself and did not entirely agree with its reform efforts. One of the most memorable features of his reign has been, unfortuantely, his encyclical Humanae Vitae (1968) on birth control. Paul did not consult the Vatican Council on this and the pontifical commission set up to study the issue had its recommendations ignored.
Paul VI became the first pope to ever travel by airplane and, as a result, visit countries great distances from Rome. A number of these travels were designed to improve relations with non-Christians, for example his trip to India where he was welcomed as a holy man. Paul also tried to heal rifts between Rome and other Christian churches - for example, he twice traveled to visit the patriarch of Constantinople and the excommuniation of the Easter churches from 1054 was lifted and communion became the basis for referring to churches in the East as "sister churches."
Also Known As: none
Alternate Spellings: none
Common Misspellings: none
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