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Innocent II
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 Innocent II
Innocent II
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Bernard of Clairvaux
Peter Abelard


Pope Innocent II
Born: Gregorio Paparesci
Preceded by: Honorius II (1124 - 1130)
Succeeded by: Celestine II (1143 - 1144)
Roman Catholic Pope #165

Born: 1130 (Rome, Italy)
Died: September 24, 1143
Pope: February 14, 1130 - September 24, 1143 (13 years, 7 months)

Pope Innocent II's election was marred by the fact that he was chosen by only a minority of cardinals - most had opted for Pietro Pierleoni, who took the name Anacletus II. Innocent, however, had friends more powerful than the attending cardinals. He fled to France where he enlisted the aid of King Lothair who, two years later, invaded Italy and reinstated Innocent on the papal throne. In return, Innocent crowned Lothair Holy Roman Emperor.

Anacletus still had supporters (including most of the Roman citizens), however, and after he died on January 25, 1138, a successor was elected - but in 1138, St. Bernard of Clairvaux persuaded that successor to resign and at the Latern Council held the following year the schism was formally ended. Bernard's early and active support for Innocent may in part have been due to his high esteem of Innocent's life and, in part, because Anaceltus was descended from Jews. In return, at the Council of Sens in 1140 Innocent supported the condemnation of Peter Abelard, theological opponent of Bernard.

Also Known As: none

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