Born: c. 1260 (France)
Died: April 20, 1314
Pope: June 5, 1305 - April 20, 1314 (8 years)
Clement V was the first pope of the so-called "Babylonian Captivity," also known as the "Avignon Exile" because the seat of the papacy was set in Avignon, France instead of Rome. Indeed, Clement never even set foot in Rome - he spent all of his time in France. Both the popes and thy general church structure were largely under the control of the French monarchy and French interests. Clement even went so far as to publish a bull praising King Philip of France for this fervor and hostility towards Pope Boniface VIII on account of the latter's unfavorable actions towards France. It is also believed that Clement's actions against the Knights Templar would not have occurred without pressure from Philip.
On matters not French, Clement V excommunicated Robert the Bruce of Scotland because he had a rival of his, John Comyn, murdered in church during mass. He also founded a number of universities and important teaching posts at other institutions.
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