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sympathetic magic
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Definition:
The basic principle of sympathetic magic is that "like affects like." The paradigmatic example of sympathetic magic can be found in voodoo dolls - provided that a doll is made well enough to resemble the target and provided that it contains something important from the target, it should be possible for a skilled practitioner to affect the target in some way - usually negatively, by stickign needles in the doll and thus causing harm.

The same principles of sympathetic magic can be found regularly in any number of supernatural and paranormal beliefs, betraying some common facet of human psychology which seems to be that people believe two similar objects either do or can have some greater, mysterious connection between them.

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