Those who adhere to the identity theory of the mind argue that for every mental state or event, there exists some identical physical state or event. The identity theory of the mind is, obviously enough, a materialistic theory which rejects the claim that the conscious mind which we experience is separate from our physical, organic brain.
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What is the Philosophy of Mind?
The relatively recent specialty known as Philosophy of Mind deals with questions of consciousness and how it interacts with the body and the outside world. Thus, it asks not only what mental phenomena are and what gives rise to them, but also what relationship they have to the larger physical body and the world around us.
What is Philosophy?
What is philosophy? Is there any point in studying philosophy, or is it a useless subject? What are the different branches of philosophy - what's the difference between aestheitcs and ethics? What's the difference between metaphysics and epistemology?