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The Bible and Suicide

Supreme Court Decisions on Religious Liberty
Employment, Business & Religious Liberty

McGowan v. Maryland (1961)
The Court ruled that Maryland's Sunday closing laws had evolved into furthering secular ends and therefore did not violate the Establishment Clause.

Braunfeld v. Brown (1961)
An Orthodox Jew challenged Pennsylvania's blue laws, but by a 6-3 vote, with Chief Justice Warren writing the majority opinion, the Supreme Court declared them constitutional.

Arlan's Department Store v. Kentucky (1962)
Supreme Court dismissing a case as not having any serious questions for them. Kentucky's mandatory Sunday closing laws had been found by a lower court not to be an establishment of Christianity and, hence, not a violation of the Establishment Clause.

Sherbert v. Verner (1963)
The Supreme Court ruled 7-2 in favor of the woman's right to refuse to work on her Sabbath without relinquishing her right to unemployment benefits.

Trans World Airlines v. Hardison (1977)
The Court decided 7-2 that TWA went far enough in attempting to accommodate Hardison's religious beliefs and that the company was justified in firing him when he refused to comply with his work assignments.

Larkin v. Grendel's Den (1982)
The Court ruled 8-1 that the Massachusetts law that allowed schools and churches to prevent the issuance of alcohol permits to establishments within 500 feet unconstitutional because it substituted religious Court Decision-making for public legislative authority.

Estate of Thornton v. Caldor (1985)>
The Court ruled 8-1 that Connecticut's law requiring that employers give all employees the day off if it was their chosen day of worship was unconstitutional because it had a direct effect of advancing a particular religious practice.

Texas Monthly, Inc. v. Bullock (1989)
With Justice Brennan writing the majority opinion, the Court decided that exempting religious publications from the state sales tax violated the Establishment Clause.

Major Sources:

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States. Kermit L. Hall, ed.

The Oxford Guide to United States Supreme Court Decisions. Kermit L. Hall, ed.

The Godless Court? Supreme Court Decisions on Church-State Relationships. Ronald B. Flowers.

The Godless Constitution: The Case Against Religious Correctness. Isaac Kramnick & R. Laurence Moore.

The Constitution and Religion: Leading Supreme Court Cases on Church and State. Robert S. Alley

The Supreme Court on Church and State. Robert S. Alley

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