Boniface I elected pope.
Westminster Abbey was consecrated.
Religious reformer John Wycliffe died.
Antipope Clement VIII died.
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck died. Lamarck advocated a theory of evolution which included the idea that traits could be acquired and then passed along to offspring.
Pope Leo XIII, in his encyclical Quod Apostolici, rejected the idea that citizens in a state should be equal and have full political freedom, writing that "If it happens that a ruler exceeds willfully in the exercise of his power, Catholic doctrine does not permit any insurrection against him, in order to avoid greater evils. And if the excesses of the ruler reach the point that no hope of salvation is left, Christian patience teaches us that in such a case a remedy should be sought only in insisting prayers to God."
Childermas, the feast of the Holy Innocents, commemorates the date when King Herod is believed to have ordered the massacre of children in Bethlehem in order to kill Jesus.
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