Celestine I was elected pope.
Splitting off from the main Crusading force, Tancred of Hauteville captures Tarsus. Tancred is a grandson of Robert Guiscard and nephew of Bohemund of Taranto.
Henry of Champagne, king of Jerusalem, dies in Acre when he accidentally falls from a balcony. This was the second husband of Isabella's to die. The situation is urgent because the Crusader city of Jaffa is being threatened by Muslim forces under the command of Al-Adil, Saladin's brother. Amalric I of Cyprus is chosen as Henry's successor. After marrying Isabella, the daughter of Amalric I of Jerusalem, he becomes Amalric II, king of Jerusalem and Cyprus. Jaffa would be lost, but Amalric II is able to capture Beirut and Sidon.
The first Franciscans arrived in England. At the time the habit worn by Franciscans was gray (today it is brown) and they came to be called "the Gray Friars" by the English.
Jews who survived a massacre in Constance Germany were burned to death.
The Italian port city of Otranto is recaptured from the Turks.
Pope Julius III was born.
Charles S. Peirce, founder of the American school of philosophy known as Pragmatism, was born.
Sigmund Freud received an honorary doctor of laws degree from Clark University, the only honorary degree he would ever receive.
B. F. Skinner presented his first paper to an APA convention, "The Rate of Establishment of a Discrimination."
Stephen Jay Gould, American paleontologist, was born.
Joseph Ratzinger, the future Pope Benedict XVI, is released from duty at an anti-aircraft unit defending a BMW plant.
James Yee, one of the few Muslim chaplains in the Ameican military, is arrested upon leaving Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and subsequently charged with spying. The prosecution expresses the intention to seek the death penalty. Eventually, all charges would be dropped and appear to have been fabricated in an effort to "get" Yee because he was a Muslim and, therefore, an enemy of America.
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