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History Calendar: July 20, 2006
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0514
Hormisdas was elected pope.

1402
Battle of Ankara: The Ottoman sultan Bajazet, great-grandson of Osman I, is defeated and taken prisoner by Mongol warlord Timur at Ankara.

1648
The General Assembly of the Church of Scotland at Edinburgh adopted the Westminster Larger Catechism. This, along with the Shorter Catechism, have been in use among Presbyterians, Baptists, and Congregationalists ever since.

1823
Pope Pius VII died.

1858
Charles Darwin began writing his seminal book, The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.

1903
Pope Leo XIII died.

1910
The Christian Endeavor Society of Missouri, an early forerunner of the American Religious Right, instituted a campaign to ban movies depicting kissing between non-relatives.

1933
The Concordat between Germany and the Vatican was signed.

1936
Reverend Charles E. Coughlin publicly apologizes for having called President Roosevelt "a liar and a betrayer" during a convention speech four days earlier.

1949
Syrian and Israeli representatives signed an armistice.

1958
Jordan terminates all diplomatic ties with the United Arab Republic.

1962
Pope John XXIII sent invitations to "separated Christian churches and communities," asking each to send delegate-observers to the Vatican II Council in Rome.

1988
Iranian leader Ayatollah Khomeini agreed to a ceasefire with Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein. After eight years of war, the two sides entered negotiations to end a conflict that had cost the lives of over 100,000 Iraqis and about one million Iranians.



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