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The Bible and Suicide

History Calendar: April 13, 2006
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According to Jewish historian Josephus, 967 Jewish zealots committed mass suicide at the fortress of Masada the night before the Roman Tenth Legion broke through the walls. The only survivors were two women and five children who had hid in a cistern; they were later released unharmed by the Romans.

Pope Nicholas II decreed that future popes could only be elected by cardinals.

Henry V was crowned Holy Roman Emperor.

In the bull Divina dispensatione Pope Eugene III approves of the Crusading into Spain and the beyond the northeastern frontier of Germany. Bernard Clairvaux writes "We expressly forbid that for any reason whatsoever they should make a truce with these people [the Wends] ... until such time as ... either their religion or their nation be destroyed."

Catherine de Medici, Queen of France, was born. A Roman Catholic, Catherine would play an important role in the French Wars of Religion.

Guy Fawkes, a key figure in the "Gunpowder Plot" conspiracy, was born.

Henri IV of France issued the Edict of Nantes, giving many religious and civil freedoms to the Huguenots, the French Protestants.

Isobel Gowdie of Scotland voluntarily confessed to practicing witchcraft.

The Azusa Street Revival, the mission which formed the nexus of the American Pentecostal movement, officially began when the church services led by black evangelist William J. Seymour moved into a building on Azusa Street in Los Angeles, California.

American atheist Madalyn Evalyn Mays (later Madalyn Murray O'Hair) was born.

Pope Pius XII (Eugenio Pacelli) gave an Easter message asking those participating in war to spare the lives of civilians and to refrain from allowing the war to escalate.

The Arab League adopted a resolution that denounced separate peace treaties with Israel and any annexation of Palestinian territory into any Arab state.

Pope John XXIII announced that no Roman Catholic was permitted to vote for any person, party, or measure that supported communism in any way.

Pope John Paul II visited Rome's central synagogue. This was the first recorded visit of a pope to a Jewish house of worship - in this case, the spiritual home of what is believed to be the oldest Jewish community of the Diaspora.

Domingo Shilon Shilon, a Tzotzil Indian, was stoned to death and his body was later hacked with machetes and partially burned by a crowd that accused him of witchcraft.

Maundy Thursday is celebrated in Western Christendom.

The beginning of Pesach (Passover) is celebrated in Judaism.

Holy Thursday is celebrated in Eastern Christendom.

Do you have any suggestions for additions to this date? If so, you are encouraged to write and say so - the more information that can be added, the more complete and informative the calendar will be.

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