Zosimus was elected pope.
Gregory III was elected pope.
The First Lateran Council opens in Rome. It is the Ninth Ecumenical Council and the first to be held in the West. The most important issue addressed concerned the right of investiture. Summoned by Pope Callistus II, it was held in the Lateran Palace, Rome, and many of the council's decrees became part of the evolving corpus of canon law.
Crusaders on a rampage kill 57 Jews in Bury St. Edmonds, England
Pope Honorius III died.
Frederick II crowns himself king of Jerusalem in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. Conrad IV of Germany had become titular King of Jerusalem the previous year with his father Frederick II as regent. Frederick's wife, Yolanda of Jerusalem and titular Queen of Jerusalem, had died the previous year, so Frederick took the crown for himself.
Thirty-Nine French Knights Templar are burned at the stake.
Jewish historian Leopold Zunz died.
Erich Fromm died in Muralto, Switzerland.
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