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Philosophy Chronology

Timeline of Events 1700 - 1799

• Philosophy
• Introduction to Philosophy
• Biographies of Philosophers
• Schools of Philosophy
• Branches of Philosophy

There are four different types of color-coded dates in these timelines of philosophy:

  • European Philosophy
  • American Philosophy
  • Asian and Islamic Philosophy
  • Miscellaneous Events in Philosophy

Words in red are linked to the glossary - so clicking on them will take you to much more information than can be included in brief chronology like this.

Enlightenment Philosophy: 1700 - 1799
October 28, 1704 English philosopher John Locke died at the age of 72.
April 15, 1707 Leonhard Euler was born in Basel, Switzerland.
April 26, 1710 Scottish philosopher Thomas Reid was born.
April 26, 1711 David Hume was born.
June 28, 1712 French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau was born.
October 05, 1713 Denis Diderot was born. A French empiricist and supporter of the scientific method,Diderot's Encyclopedie, was one of the more influential works of the Enlightenment.
January 10, 1715 German philosopher and theologian Christian August Crusius was born in Lenau, Saxony.
January 26, 1715 French philosopher Claude Adrien Helvetius was born in Paris.
November 14, 1716 Gottfried Leibniz died in Hannover.
December 08, 1723 Baron d'Holbach was born.
April 22, 1724 German philosopher Immanuel Kant was born.
September 26, 1729 Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn was born in Dessau, Germany.
January 29, 1737 Political essayist Thomas Paine was born.
April 27, 1737 Edward Gibbon was born.
September 24, 1740 Immanuel Kant registered for classes at the University of Königsberg.
January 25, 1743 German philosopher Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi was born in Dusseldorf.
August 25, 1744 German philosopher Johann Gottfried von Herder was born in Modrungen, Germany (now in Poland). Herder was an important influence on the German literary movement known as Sturm und Drang and on the general school of thought known as Romanticism.
February 15, 1748 English philosopher Jeremy Bentham was born. Bentham was a social and political philosopher who proposed radical ideas about government, social organizations and human nature. He argued that the creation of the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people should be the basis for both personal ethics and state acts- as an ethical philosophy, this would come to be known as Utilitarianism..
January 14, 1753 Philosopher George Berkeley died.
April 01, 1754 Theocrat and conservative political philosopher Joseph-Marie de Maistre was born in Chamberry, France.
April 09, 1754 German Englightenment philosopher Christian Wolff died in Halle, Prussia (now Germany).
February 10, 1755 Charles de Montesquieu died in Paris, France.
June 12, 1755 Immanuel Kant received his Ph.D. from the University of Königsberg.
March 03, 1756 English political philosopher William Godwin was born at Wisbech in Cambridgeshire, England.
March 22, 1758 Jonathan Edwards, American theologian and philosopher, died at the age of 54.
April 07, 1761 English clergyman and mathematician Thomas Bayes died.
May 19, 1762 German philosopher Johann Gottlieb Fichte was born.
February 14, 1766 Economist Thomas Robert Malthus was born.
November 21, 1768 Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher was born in Breslau, Prussia (now Poland).
December 13, 1769 Immanuel Kant was offered a professorship at the University of Erlangen, but he refused in the hopes that he might be offered one in Königsberg.
March 31, 1770 Immanuel Kant was appointed professor (Professore Ordinario der Logic und Metaphysic) at the University of Königsberg. Kant always wanted to teach at Königsberg and turned down offers to teach at Erlangen and Jena while waiting for an offer here.
August 27, 1770 Friedrich Hegel born.
November 10, 1770 Voltaire is believed to have stated on this date: 'If God did not exist, it would be necessary to invent him.'
December 26, 1771 French philosopher Claude Adrien Helvetius died in Paris.
March 10, 1772 Friedrich von Schlegel, aesthetician and poet, was born. Schlegel was a literary critic who paved the way for the literary period of Romanticism. Schlegel encouraged interest in both antiquity and the Middle Ages, two hallmaks of Romanticism.
April 06, 1773 James Mill - philosopher, historian, and father of John Stuart Mill - was born.
November 30, 1774 Political essayist Thomas Paine arrived in America.
January 27, 1775 German philosopher Friedrich Schelling was born in Leonberg.
October 18, 1775 German philosopher and theologian Christian August Crusius died in Leipizg, Germany.
January 10, 1776 Thomas Paine published 'Common Sense'.
February 17, 1776 The first volume of Edward Gibbon's famous book Decline & Fall of the Roman Empire was published.
August 25, 1776 David Hume died.
May 30, 1778 French philosopher Voltaire died.
July 02, 1778 French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau died.
September 18, 1783 Leonhard Euler died in St. Petersburg, Russia.
January 04, 1786 Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn died in Berlin, Germany.
February 19, 1788 In Prussia the Edict of Censorship was issued. Designed to suppress the writings of the Rosicrucians, it had the unfortunate side-effect of preventing Immanuel Kant from publishing or speaking out on religious matters for some time.
February 22, 1788 German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer was born in Danzig, Germany (now in Poland).
January 21, 1789 Baron d'Holbach died.
January 16, 1794 Edward Gibbon died.
January 19, 1798 Auguste Comte was born.

Continue with Modern Philosophy: 1800 - 1899 or go back to the Renaissance: 1400 - 1699

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