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Images of Jerusalem

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Jerusalem (Hebrew: Yerushalayim, Arabic: al-Quds) is a key religious city for Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Commonly referred to as Zion or the City of David (the Jewish leader recorded as having claimed it for the Jews), there is no consensus on the origin of the name. Many believe that it derives from the name of the city Jebus (named after the founder of the Jebusites) and Salem (named after a Canaanite god). One can translate Jerusalem as "Foundation of Salem" or "Foundation of Peace".

Images of Jerusalem: Sites in and around Jerusalem
Model of the Ancient City Jerusalem from the air, 1918
Model of the Ancient City Jerusalem: Solomon's Temple
Jerusalem from the air, 1918 Jerusalem from the air, 1918
Jerusalem from the air, 1918 Jerusalem in the 1920s
Jerusalem from the air, 1918 Jerusalem from the air, 1918
Jerusalem Street, 1927 Jerusalem: Via Dolorosa, 1927
City Street, with Donkey Narrow City Street
City Street, with Donkey Narrow City Street
City Steps and Street, with Donkey House of Caiaphas
City Steps and Street, with Donkey House of Caiaphas
Jerusalem from the air, 1918 Jerusalem Today
Jerusalem: Washing of the Feet Jerusalem Today
Jerusalem Today, with the Dome of the Rock and the East Wall East Wall, Below the Dome of the Rock
Jerusalem Today, with the Dome of the Rock and the City Wall City Wall, Below the Dome of the Rock
Dome of the Rock above the Golden Gate Citadel, Dome of the Rock, and the Wailing Wall
Dome of the Rock above the Golden Gate Dome of the Rock and the Wailing Wall
Gethsemane & the Mount of Olives
Gethsemane & the Mount of Olives

Human habitation in the area can be traced back quite far and the archaeological records support the Biblical account of David having defeated the previous owners, the Jebusites, in a war and capturing the city intact. David made the city his capital and his son, Solomon, built the First Temple there. This centralized religious authority and religious practice throughout the Kingdom of the Jews in Jerusalem, making the city even more important than before.

By the end of Solomon's reign the northern ten tribes of Israel split off and formed their own Kingdom of Israel with its capital at Samaria. Jerusalem remained the capital of the Kingdom of Judah in the south, even after Israel itself was conquered by the Assyrians in 722 BCE. Only in 598 BCE was the city overrun by the Babylonians.

Today the status of Jerusalem is disputed by Palestinians and Israelis. A 1949 cease fire line (known as the Green Line) runs right through the city. After the Six Day War in 1967, Israel had gained control of the entire city and claimed it for their capital, although this claim has not been recognized internationally - most countries only recognize Tel Aviv as the Israeli capital. Palestinians claim Jerusalem as the capital of their own state (or future state).

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