Both of these cases dealt with state-approved reading of Bible passages before classes in public schools. Schempp was brought to trial by a relgious family who had contacted the ACLU. Murray was brought to trial by an atheist: Madalyn Murray (later O'Hair), who was working on behalf of her sons, William and Garth. Murray challenged a Baltimore statute that provided for the "reading, without comment, of a chapter of the Holy Bible and/or of the Lord's Prayer" before the start of classes. The Court ruled 8-1 against requiring the recitation of Bible verses and the Lord's Prayer.