Does religion help or harm mental health? Most believers will probably say that it helps, and it can't harm too much otherwise it probably wouldn't have survived so well for so long. Nevertheless, some forms of religion surely do more harm than good and there are sound reasons to question religion generally regarding this.
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If there is one thing that might contribute to religion -- in particular, western theistic religion -- having a negative impact on mental health it's the way it can encourage passivity. Prayer is too often the best or only answer. Even worse, a person's lack of faith or failure to adhere to religious dogmas can be cited as the cause of one's problems.
As someone from a Pentecostal 'divorced home', I can testfiy that Pentacostalism not only doesn't protect children from these ills, it prevents constructively addressing them. If praying it away doesn't work, Pentacostalism has no more to offer, just the sensation of tacking a failure of faith onto whatever other problems you already had.
During the school year I lived with my more moderate mother, during the summer, as a teenage Pentecostal going to church three times a week, I had a shoplifting compulsion that went away as soon as I was out of that environment. I was under so much pressure to conform that I had to let it off somehow.
Telling people to simply pray and leave everything up to God rather than how they can directly address their problems and take substantive action to deal with them will only be harmful in the long run. What others things do you see in religion which can create real problems for people's emotional, psychological, and mental health?